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The purpose of a warning is to inform the competitor of possible misbehaviour, such misbehaviour needs to be stopped and resolved immediately once the warning is given.

Warning is given if rules in this document are not followed and the resulting misbehaviour is unplanned one and can be corrected after the warning is given, for an example when the racing number is not properly visible or upper torso is not covered or the helmet is not fastened properly when leaving the first transmission area.

Third warning equals disqualification.

Warning is given in the following way:

- sounding a whistle or horn;

- calling the athlete´s number and saying “Warning.”


Time penalty is carried out when the competitors misbehaviour gives timely advantage.

Time penalty is given in the following way:

- sounding a whistle or horn;

- calling the athlete´s number and saying “Time penalty.” 

Time penalty is carried out in the second transmission area. During the conduction of time penalty the competitor must sit in the assigned area. Any other activities are not permitted during the carry out of the time penalty.

Different time penalties will be summarised.

Time penalty is a five minutes.

The penalised athletes’ numbers will be displayed on a board before the Penalty Box and the athlete must be invigilate the board. If his/her number is displayed the athlete must be enter to the Penalty Box.

The penalised athletes will proceed into the Penalty Box and will inform the Technical Official of their identity. The penalty time starts when the athlete enters the Penalty Box. At the end of the penalty time, the Technical Official will allow the athlete to exit, and the athlete can continue with the race.

The time penalty will be imposed when the following competition guide sections is regarded:

  • Competitor shall not start moving before the instruction to start is given.
  • Supporters are entitled to give advice and information locating next to the track, avoiding to impact the competitors' moving.
  • Competitors are allowed to bring their own food and drinks. In official refreshment spots in a place assigned for that personal supporters are allowed to hand over drinks and food.
  • It is allowed to throw rubbish only in the transition area, and on biking track, only on refreshment point.
  • Once at the Kanama intersection, when 7 km has been completed, the intersection is passed by completing a right turn. For the biking course distance to match an extra lap is done at the first arrival to the intersection and then the course continues to towards Pärnu.
  • Competitors are allowed to walk in the start and finish as well as to stand up, but the competitor is not allowed to use the bottom of the open water area, floating objects nor stationary objects to gain advantage.
  • Biking race must be individual, without accompanying car.
  • It is allowed to use assistance when exchanging bike details, broken details must be exchanged with equal parts so that no advantage is gained by the exchanged part.
  • Competitor must not practice drafting during the race.
  • Competitors drafting zone must not overlap with other competitors drafting zone. One competitor can enter into another competitors drafting zone only during an overtake, it must be obvious that a competitor is passing another one. Overtake can take maximum 20 seconds.
  • If a competitor is being overtaken then it is his/her responsibility to exit the drafting zone either by exiting to the side or staying behind for more than 10 meters. Competitor has been overtaken once overtaker's front wheel has passed competitors front wheel.
  • It is not allowed to gain advantage by drafting from accompaning vehicles, TV and radio vehicles etc. Minimum distance between the competitor on the bike and vehicle is 35 meters.
  • The helmet must be securely fastened at all times when the athlete is in possession of the bike, which means from the time they remove their bike from the rack at the start of the bike leg, until after they have placed their bike on the rack at the finish of the bike leg.
  • Racing with unclothed upper and lower body is not allowed.
  • Competitor does not wear a helmet during running course, helmet is left at the transition area.
  • Competitor will not use posts, trees or other fixed elements to assist manouvering curves.
  • Competitor must wear a racing number. It is not allowed to tear, cut or hide the number provided. Number must be fully visible from the front.
  • Riding the bike is not allowed in the transition area.
  • Competitor shall pack into the bag the equipment in the transition area.


A disqualification is a penalty appropriate for severe rule violations, or dangerous or unsportsmanlike conduct.

Disqualification is decided by the Head Official of the race based on the received information. 

Official does´nt have to give a warning before the disqualification.

A disqualification penalty is given in the following way:

-          sounding a whistle or horn;

-          calling the athlete´s number and saying “Disqualified.”

Disqualification penalty will be given when the misbehaviour is obvious:

-            unsportsmanlike conduct;

-            mixup or misplacement of other competitors equipment;

-            diving during the swimming course;

-            conduction of abusive language, threatening speech or actions;

-            disregarding of traffic rules;

-            dangerous biking actions;

-            third warning is given for conducting drafting activities during the bike course;

-            interrupting the race track (with the exception that if competitor leaves the course and returns at the exact same location and then  proceed the race);

-            using equipment that is not allowed during swimming, biking or running course;

-            ignoring helmet usage instructions repeatedly (not securing the helmet when with contact with the bike);

-            not wearing the helmet during biking course;

-            disruption of other competitors or race officials activities;

-            ignoring race officials or police officers instructions;

-            competitor won't carry out the instructions given by the race officials, for an example won't correct misbehaviours after receiving a verbal warning;

-            segment time limits are exceeded.


Competitor is allowed to continue the race after disqualification in order to submit an appeal or protest.

The final decision about disqualification will be done by competition head referee.


Only written protest (complaint) is accepted.

Protest must be presented to Head Referee.

Protest fee is 10 euros which will be refunded if protest is satisfied.

Protest may be filed:

-            against co-competitors representation rights  and behaviour;

-            for other questions related with breaking of the rules;

-            against the decisions of the track referees.

Protest against co-competitors behaviour or referees decisions must be filed within one hour after finishing, leaving the track or after the disqualifying note is put to the official information board.

The protest related with equipment which is against the rules, must be filed within one hour after the competitor has finished.

The protest will be answered in written form.

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